Side Effects of Obesity on Your Body and Mind

So you may be thinking that what obesity is? Or how would I know that I’m obese? What are the circumstances of being obese? This article is right here to help you out and tell you an insight regarding obesity and its side effects.

When your body has too much fat it causes obesity. It can harm your body. There are greater chances of catching diseases by those who have severe obesity. Some side effects of obesity include high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, and many more.

Obesity has become much more common as well as dangerous. 2.8 Million People each year are dying just because they are obese or overweight. According to the survey by WHO in Europe, 23% of women and 20% of men are obese. Obesity can cause major issues to our body and our brain. We can have severe diseases just because of obesity.

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Obesity is so common in our society that no one cares about it. It’s no longer considered an important issue. No one thinks that we have to eat the best weight loss foods or start the weight loss program for obese. Now many health organizations believe that obesity is a severe disease that may impact multiple environmental or genetic factors.

If you have a condition of obesity it might be a bit costly. Not only in terms of money, but it might also cost your time and patience. You can easily detect that if you are obese by calculating your BMI and checking it on the graph.

Side Effects of Obesity on The Body

Some major side effects of obesity on our body are:

1. Diabetes

The major side effect of obesity is type 2 diabetes. People affected by obesity are more likely to have type 2 diabetes. According to research, the risk of death is doubled in type 2 diabetes. Some common diseases in type 2 diabetes are as follows:

  1. Amputations
  2. Heart disease Stroke
  3. Blindness
  4. Kidney disease
  5. High blood pressure

2. Hypertension

The major side effect of obesity is Hypertension as there is a major risk of high blood pressure in obesity.

1) Around 3/4 hypertension cases are because of obesity (Reference).

2) The risk of other diseases is increased in hypertension. Some of them are congestive heart disease (CHD), congestive heart failure (CHF), kidney diseases, and stroke.

3. Respiratory Disorder

The more you get obese, the more your lungs get weaker. Obese people have a higher rate to get infected by respiratory disorders. Some side effects of obesity may cause some respiratory disorders like asthma etc. According to research, asthma is more common among the people that are obese. 

Most of the people that are obese have a large ratio of having obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). These problems happen when a person goes to sleep. Excess fat around the person’s neck, throat, and tongue block the air passageway. It is a very severe problem and you may have slept fewer nights because of OSA. You have to take good care of your body because apnea causes less flow of oxygen in the blood.

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4. Cancer

Cancer affects so many people around the globe. Obesity is known as one of the major causes of cancer. When your body mass matrix (BMI) increases, the chances of cancer also increases. Some common types of cancer may include:

  • Endometrial cancer
  • Cervical cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Postmenopausal breast cancer
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Gallbladder cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Kidney cancer
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
  • Multiple myeloma 
  • Leukemia
  • Heart Disease

One of the most prominent side effects of obesity is heart deceases. Obesity increases the risk of heart stroke or its failure due to blockage in arteries and veins. This suggests that more obese people have a higher rate of heart attack (Reference).

5. Cerebrovascular Disease and Stroke

Obesity is very dangerous for the circulatory system. It puts a strain on it. Your risk of stroke increases by this strain. Many stroke risk factors are led by obesity. Some of them include metabolic syndrome, heart disease, lipid abnormalities, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea , and type 2 diabetes (Reference).

6. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a very dangerous disease. In your esophagus stomach, acid and intestinal secretions are leaked. Some symptoms of (GERD) are indigestion, heartburn, coughing (in the night), vomiting, belching, and hoarseness.  Almost 10% to 20% of people experience these symptoms of (GERD) often.

There are too many risks of (GERD) in obesity such as esophageal cancer (adenocarcinoma) and erosive esophagitis (Reference).

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7. Bone/ Joint Damage And Accidents

Too much bone and joint issues grow when people have severe obesity. The risk of accidents and injuries is increased by these issues. Issues of bone and joint include disc herniation, spinal disorders, joint diseases (osteoarthritis, gout), and back pain. In this disease, there is a condition of visual impairment, headache, and disorientation.

8. Alzheimer’s Disease

Research have found that if people get obese in middle age there is a major increase in the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia later in life.

9. Kidney Disease

Kidney disease and kidney failure happen because of hypertension, type two diabetes, or congestive heart failure. Obesity makes these conditions worse than they are.

10. Septicaemia

This is one of the most dangerous diseases. It can lead quickly to septic shock and death. Many types of research have shown that there is a higher risk of septicaemia to people who have severe obesity.

11. Liver Disease

One of the major causes of fatty non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and liver disease is obesity. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is mostly found in peoples who have severe obesity. Scaring of the liver is caused by fatty liver disease as well as liver function is almost stopped which leads to liver failure and cirrhosis.

Other Life Threatening Conditions

Preeclampsia and maternal gestational diabetes during pregnancy increase incidents of stillborn, miscarriages, pancreatitis, gallbladder disease, and more.

Other conditions resulting in diminished quality of life; polycystic ovarian syndrome, stress urinary incontinence (leakage), skinfold rashes, and infertility.

side effects of obesity

Side Effects of Obesity on The Brain

Many studies have shown that the brain has relativity with obesity as you can’t do many things which may throw you in anxiety and depression. Many investigations suggest that there is a higher rate of depression and the suicide rate among the obese.

While many studies deny this research, so there is no clear cut answer for the relation of obesity with suicide. But take care of yourself because obesity may lower your self-confidence and put you in depression.

There is a great impact of obesity on emotional issues, such as anxiety, depression, and sadness. In 2010, a trustworthy source found that people with obesity had a 55 percent greater risk of developing depression than the people who are not hit by severe obesity. People with obesity are not safe at all.

One of the major factors that affect the human brain is stress. It may happen due to depression or even obesity. Many people feel ashamed because of racist and bullies at every place.

Anxiety can also leave to depression. Like if a person feels stressed and due to that stress he or she may eat more which will eventually lead to an overweight or obese body.

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Side Effects of Obesity on Kids Minds

The obesity stigma may affect your child’s brain. According to WHO, school-aged children experience 63% higher chances of being bullied. It gives a negative effect on child growth if someone is bullied or victimized due to his weight or obesity. The child may feel shame, lower self-esteem, or poor body image. These problems lead them to take bigger steps like suicide.

Obesity stigma among the teachers may also have a large impact on child educational outcomes. They may not feel comfortable among those teachers and will not provide the results they are capable to provide.

We have to stop this weight bias by creating strict policies so the child may not feel uncomfortable while learning. There should be campaigns to aware students regarding obesity and how dangerous it is.

WHO is keen on creating several policies regarding obesity stigma which is very common among adults and children in this modern world. They make sure to provide knowledge regarding the issue among every person in society.

WHO makes sure to exchange information among the regional, national, and local levels. They are also working on making sure that now people are taking good care of themself. They make sure that they are eating healthy and doing workouts several days a week to stay fit.

Final Word

The side effects of Obesity can have a great impact on life and daily routine as it makes your life hard and striving. But there is always a cure for obesity which is weight loss which you can attain through dieting, eating healthy foods and daily workouts.

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